UNTIL the Carnation Revolution in Portugal in 1974, struggles between the Angolan liberation movements were rare and almost non-existent. These movements were based in areas that were far apart and they organised resistance separately against Portuguese colonialism in their own disparate ways.
When the Portuguese government decided to grant independence, the struggle for power began. At that time, the OAU played an important role. It chose to recognise particular movements and legitimated three of them: the FNLA, UNITA and the MPLA. The OAU then organised a meeting between them in Mombasa, on 5 January 1975. The objective of this meeting was to establish a common agenda in order to negotiate with the Portuguese government. After that, they met with the Portuguese government in Alvor, on 15 January 1975, to sign the official agreements for independence. These provided for the establishment of a transitional period until Independence Day, on 11 November 1975, with an equitable sharing of power between the three movements.
They also provided for the creation of a combined army composed of 48,000 men (24,000 Portuguese soldiers and 8,000 men from each liberation movement) to support the Portuguese disengagement...
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